It really is unclear what motivated the guest editors to activate in such fraud, nor offers it been determined if the authors of the manuscripts involved participated in the deception at all. There are many lessons to be learned from these instances of peer-reviewer and peer-review fraud. One is that the electronic manuscript-handling systems that most journals make use of are as vulnerable to exploitation and hacking as various other data systems. Chen and Moon, for example, both abused a feature of ScholarOne: the e-mail messages delivered to scholars inviting them to examine a manuscript include log-in information, and whoever receives those messages can indication into the system.Of the estimated 50 million American adults who were uninsured within the last year, 58 percent were in families where at least one person was working full-time. People who are uninsured or underinsured knowledge inefficient care; nearly fifty % of adults under age 65 who got gaps in their medical health insurance or were underinsured reported they had experienced problems such as test results not being on period, receiving duplicate medical tests, and delays in getting results of abnormal test outcomes; in contrast simply 26 % of adults who are adequately covered reported these inefficiencies. Methodology Data result from the Commonwealth Fund Biennial MEDICAL HEALTH INSURANCE Survey , a nationwide telephone survey conducted June 6 through October 24, 2007 among a nationally representative sample of 3,501 adults age 19 and older surviving in the continental United States.